Papel y empoderamiento institucional de la mujer en la organización del partido conservador colombiano 2000-2011
Gutiérrez Galvis, Angélica
In the period from 2000 to 2011, the Conservative Party of Colombia and the country's political landscape had multiple changes from the organizational point of view, most of the presidents of the National Directory of the Party who took over this period, implemented strategies of reform that specifically in the case of women, included the creation of the National Organization for Women, the privileged vote for women, the creation of the Secretariat for Women, among others which are today seen as great strengths in the organization. Despite this, it can´t be ignored the set of explicit resistance strategies settled in the traditional behavior of a party that have transcended even today. These are seen during the study period in the inclusion of preferential voting, clientelism, refusal to consultation, machismo, internal divisions between political personalities, which in many cases have been part of the traditional structure of the Conservative Party and that today they still persist. These strategies will be defined in this study as contrareforma. Under these bids between reforma and contrareforma women were consolidated and empowered within the organization, they have benefited from the two sides. Just as they were strengthened with the reforma, the contrareforma helped the women enter the Party and become caciques today. In this sense, this work will allow to identify how the Colombian Conservative Party has appropriated the issue of women within their internal organization, taking into account the processes of reforma and contrareforma since 2000 until 2011.