Relación entre las manifestaciones cutáneas y el tabaquismo en pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica en un hospital de Bogotá, D.C., Colombia, 2017-2018
Vega M, Caroll Vanessa
Introduction. According to the World Health Organization, smoking is the main etiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the leading preventable cause of death. In Colombia, this factor is among the most prevalent in morbidity and mortality. Among the complications that are poorly studied, includes skin lesions that affect not only aesthetics, but also increase the patient´s morbidity and health care costs. Objective. To assess the association between smoking and cutaneous manifestations in patients with COPD at the University Hospital Mayor Méderi, Bogotá in the year 2017-2018. Methodology. Observational cross-sectional study. A sample size (n = 211) for a prevalence with known population of 7851 patients in University Hospital Mayor Méderi diagnosed with COPD in 2017. A calculated a survey and physical examination was used according to protocol and a univariate, bivariate, and binary logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the presence of lesions. Results. The prevalence of lesions in men was 13.3% and women 5.2%. The most common injury was Favre-Racouchot 13.8% in men and 5.7% women. Chronicity cigarette consumption showed a statistically significant (p = 0.0001) with the presence of lesions. Discussion. Lesions found show a relation to the heavy cigarette consumption over time with a lower prevalence than that evidenced in the literature, probably due to the lower consumption of cigarettes not filtered at present.