Artículos de revistas
Mutator transposon activation after UV-B involves chromatin remodeling
Qüesta, Julia Irene; Walbot, Virgina; Casati, Paula; Mutator transposon activation after UV-B involves chromatin remodeling; Landes Bioscience; Epigenetics; 5; 2; -1-2010; 1-12
Qüesta, Julia Irene
Spontaneous silencing of MuDR/Mu transposons occurs in ∼10–100% of the progeny of an active plant, and once silenced reactivation is very rare. To date, only radiation treatments have reactivated silenced Mu; for example UV-B radiation reactivated Mutator activities. Here we have investigated possible mechanisms by which UV-B could reactivate Mu transposons by monitoring transcript abundance, epigenetic DNA marks, and chromatin factors associated with these elements. We demonstrate that both mudrA and B transcripts are expressed at higher levels after an 8 h-UV-B treatment, in both active Mutator and silencing plants, and that different chromatin remodeling events occur in the promoter regions of MuDR than in non-autonomous Mu1 elements. Increased transcript abundance is accompanied by an increase in histone H3 acetylation and by decreased DNA and H3K9me2 methylation. No changes in siRNA levels were detected. In contrast, the decrease in H3K9me2 present at Mu elements after UV-B is significant in silencing plants, suggesting that early changes in H3 methylation in K9, chromatin remodeling, and transcription factor binding contribute directly to transposon reactivation by UV-B in maize.