Artículos de revistas
Central Andean mantle and crustal seismicity beneath the Southern Puna plateau and the northern margin of the Chilean-Pampean flat slab.
Mulcahy, Patrick; Chen, Chen; Kay, Suzanne M.; Brown, Larry D.; Isacks, Bryan L.; et al.; Central Andean mantle and crustal seismicity beneath the Southern Puna plateau and the northern margin of the Chilean-Pampean flat slab.; American Geophysical Union; Tectonics; 33; 8; 8-2014; 1636-1658
Kay, Suzanne M.
Brown, Larry D.
Isacks, Bryan L.
Coira, Beatriz Lidia Luisa
Earthquake hypocenters recorded in the Andean Southern Puna seismic array (25–28°S, 70–65°W) provide new constraints on the shape of the subducting Nazca plate beneath the Puna plateau, the transition into the Chilean-Pampean flat slab and the thermal state of the mantle and crust. Some 270 new mantle hypocenters suggest that the subducting slab under the Puna shoals into the flat-slab segment more abruptly and farther to the north than previously indicated. The revised geometry is consistent with the Central Volcanic Zone Incapillo caldera being the southernmost center with Pleistocene activity until reaching the southern side of the flat-slab region. Evidence for the revised slab geometry includes three well-defined hypocenter clusters in the Pipanaco nest (27.5–29°S, 68–66°W), which are interpreted to reflect slab-bending stresses. A few low-magnitude earthquakes with strongly attenuated S waves in the long-recognized Antofalla teleseismic gap (25.5–27.5°S) support a continuous slab under the Southern Puna. The paucity of gap earthquakes and the presence of mafic magmas are consistent with a hot mantle wedge reflecting recent lithospheric delamination. Evidence for a hot overlaying Puna crust comes from new crustal earthquake hypocenters concentrated at depths shallower than 5 km. Two notable short-duration swarms were recorded under the resurgent dome of the ~2 Ma back-arc Cerro Galán caldera and the near-arc Cerro Torta dome. New crustal earthquake focal mechanisms from 17 events in the array along with two existing mechanisms have strike slip, oblique reverse, and oblique normal solutions fitting with regional E-W compression and N-S extension.