Artículos de revistas
Vitamin C based nanostructures: potential utility in ocular and transdermal therapy
Palma, Santiago Daniel; Ullio Gamboa, Gabriela Veronica; Allemandi, Daniel Alberto; Vitamin C based nanostructures: potential utility in ocular and transdermal therapy; American Scientific Publishers; Journal of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering; 3; 1; 2-2013; 61-69
Palma, Santiago Daniel
Ullio Gamboa, Gabriela Veronica
Allemandi, Daniel Alberto
Alkyl vitamin C derivatives (ASCn) combine in their structure a lipophilic and a hydrophilic moiety and exhibit properties of typical surfactant molecules. Self-assembly properties of ASCn depend on the length of n-alkyl fatty chain. ASCn start to aggregate at temperatures (CMT, Krafft point) at which the solubility reaches the critical micellar concentration (CMC). Above this temperature, ASCn can aggregate in micelles or gel phase, depending of alkyl side chain. Upon cooling, for less soluble derivatives (ASC12, ASC14 and ASC16) liquid–crystal structures named coagels are obtained. They are able to solubilize insoluble and unstable drugs, protect them from any possible aggressive environment and promote their permeation through skin and mucosa. These systems possess very interesting properties making ASCn coagels promising pharmaceutical platforms for drug delivery. Results from investigations about all these properties will be described and analyzed in the present review with particular emphasis on the use of these systems for drug administration through ocular and transdermal routes.