Artículos de revistas
Reverberatory furnaces in the Puna of Jujuy, Argentina, during colonial times (from the end of the 16th to the beginning of the 19th century A.D.)
Angiorama, Carlos Ignacio; Becerra, María Florencia; Reverberatory furnaces in the Puna of Jujuy, Argentina, during colonial times (from the end of the 16th to the beginning of the 19th century A.D.); Academic Press Inc.; Journal of Anthropological Archaeology; 48; 12-2017; 181-192
Angiorama, Carlos Ignacio
Becerra, María Florencia
This paper presents the study of the extractive metallurgical technology that was employed in four colonial mining-metallurgical sites in the high plateau (Puna) of Jujuy, Argentina, dedicated to silver exploitation during the 17th and 18th centuries. In these archaeological sites, we have identified the presence of reverberatory furnaces. We explore the development of this technology and show the results of the study of the furnaces found in the Puna of Jujuy, their functions and performance, based on our fieldwork and on the results of archaeometric analyses of smelting slag and vitrified clay samples. The excellent conservation of most of the furnaces makes them not only a great source of information for the study of colonial metallurgy in this region, but also a contribution to our understanding of mining and extractive metallurgy in the Andes, of the circulation of workers and technical knowledge and of the changes generated by the Spanish conquest.