Artículos de revistas
Leaf cuticular alkanes of Solanum subg. Leptostemonum Dunal (Bitter) of some northeast Brazilian species: Composition and taxonomic significance
BIOCHEMICAL SYSTEMATICS AND ECOLOGY, OXFORD, v. 44, n. 6, supl. 1, Part 1, pp. 48-52, OCT, 2012
Miranda da Silva, Keylla Michelline
Agra, Maria de Fatima
Santos, Deborah Yara Alves Cursino dos
Morais de Oliveira, Antonio Fernando
Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum (Dunal) Bitter comprises approximately 450 species, of which 110, including 58 endemics, occur in Brazil, which is recognized as one of the centers of diversity of the group. Due the great morphological plasticity and its large number of species, several taxonomic treatments have been proposed for the genus Solanum, but its infrageneric classification is problematic. The aim of this study was to analyze the alkane composition of the leaf epicuticular waxes of nine species of the subgenus Leptostemonum to evaluate the chemotaxonomic potential of the alkanes. As results, were identified in nine species thirty-one alkanes, including iso- and anteiso-alkanes. The major constituent of wax in most species was tritriacontane. Hentriacontane was the main constituent of Solanum paraibanum and Solanum torvum, and penta-triacontane was predominant in different populations of Solanum stramonifolium. The phenetic analysis of nine species based on the distribution profile of alkanes (Euclidean distance and UPGMA method) show three clusters with distinct main homolog. The profiles of alkanes showed some qualitative taxonomic value for species analyzed, although, a larger number of representative samples of this subgenus must be investigated. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.