Artículos de revistas
Th1/Th2 cytokine profile in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus
Cytokine. Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, v. 61, n. 3, n. 785, n. 791, 2013.
Objective: To determine the serum levels of Th1 (IL-12, IFN-gamma,TNF-alpha) and Th2 (IL-5, IL-6 and IL-10) cytokines in childhood-onset SLE, first-degree relatives and healthy controls. To elucidate their association with disease activity, laboratory and treatment features. Methods: We included 60 consecutive childhood-onset SLE patients [median age 18 years (range 10-37)], 64 first-degree relatives [median 40 (range 28-52)] and 57 healthy [median age 19 years (range 630 years)] controls. Controls were age and sex-matched to SLE patients. SLE patients were assessed for clinical and laboratory SLE manifestations, disease activity (SLEDAI), damage (SDI) and current drug exposures. Mood and anxiety disorders were determined through Becks Depression (BDI) and Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Th1 (IL-12, IFN-gamma,TNF-alpha) and Th2 (IL-5, IL-6 and IL-10) cytokines levels were measured by ELISA and compared by non-parametric tests. Results: Serum TNF-alpha (p = 0.004), IL-6 (p = 0.007) and IL-10 (p = 0.03) levels were increased in childhood-onset SLE patients when compared to first-degree relatives and healthy controls. TNF-alpha levels were significantly increased in patients with active disease (p = 0.014) and correlated directly with SLEDAI scores (r = 0.39; p = 0.002). IL-12 (p = 0.042) and TNF-alpha (p = 0.009) levels were significantly increased in patients with nephritis and TNF-alpha in patients with depression (p = 0.001). No association between cytokine levels and SDI scores or medication was observed. Conclusion: Th1 cytokines may play a role in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric and renal manifestations in childhood-onset SLE. The correlation with SLEDAI suggests that TNF-alpha may be a useful biomarker for disease activity in childhood-onset SLE, however longitudinal studies are necessary to determine if increase of this cytokine may predict flares in childhood-onset SLE. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.613785791