Artículos de revistas
Grid-connected Photovoltaic In Brazil: Policies And Potential Impacts For 2030
Energy For Sustainable Development. , v. 17, n. 1, p. 40 - 46, 2013.
de Melo C.A.
This paper presents a prospective analysis of grid connected solar photovoltaic (PV) systems in the Brazilian household sector. With the reduction of solar PV module prices around the world and the high tariffs for residential consumers in Brazil some regions of the country with large solar radiation resource are reaching the grid electricity-price parity. In this context the objective of this paper is to evaluate scenarios of technology diffusion up to 2030 considering policy mechanisms to foster the development of grid connected PV generation. The three mechanisms assessed are the net metering compensation scheme as proposed by the Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency (ANEEL), feed-in tariffs and direct subsidies to PV installations. We evaluate the market penetration potential in each case using a logit-function approach. The investigation results show that PV distributed technology has good opportunities for Brazil to diversify its energy matrix with potential economic and environmental benefits. However it is clear that the absence of long-term energy policy objectives for solar PV and the lack of additional support mechanisms could reflect in an inefficient and incipient adoption of this technology and the loss of its potential benefits. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.1714046Nota Técnica n° 0025/2011-SRD-SRC-SRG-SCG-SEM-SRE-SPE, , http://www.aneel.gov.br/aplicacoes/audiencia/arquivo/2011/042/documento/nota_tecnica_0025_gd.pdf, ANEEL, [Accessed April 2012]ANEEL aprova regras para facilitar a geração de energia nas unidades consumidoras, , http://www.aneel.gov.br/aplicacoes/noticias/Output_Noticias.cfm?Identidade=5457&id_area=90, ANEEL, [Accessed May 2012]Bolinger, M., Financing non-residential photovoltaic projects: options and implications (2009) Report LBNL-1410E, , Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryCampoccia, A., Dusonchet, L., Telaretti, E., Zizzo, G., Comparative analysis of different supporting measures for the production of electrical energy by solar PV and wind systems: four representative European cases (2009) Sol Energy, 83, pp. 287-297$1/W photovoltaic systems. White paper to explore. A grand challenge for electricity from solar, , http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/sunshot/pdfs/dpw_white_paper.pdf, DOE, U.S.Department of Energy, [Accessed May 2012]Solar technologies market report (2010) Annual Report, , http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy12osti/51847.pdf, DOE, U.S.Department of Energy, Accessed April 2012 Accessed February 2012](2007) Eletrobrás Centrais Elétricas Brasileiras. Pesquisa de Posse de Equipamentos e Hábitos de Uso - PPH 2005, , Rio de Janeiro, Relatório Brasil(2007) National Energy Plan 2030, , EPE, Empresa de Pesquisa Energética, BrasilDetermination of solar feed-in tariff premium - final price determination, , http://www.escosa.sa.gov.au/article/newsdetail.aspx?p=16&id=878, ESCOSA, Essential Services Commission of South AustraliaFox, K., Keyes, J., Sheehan, M., Interconnection and net metering of distributed generation (2008) IREC Telephone Seminar, September 30, 2008Martins, F.R., Pereira, E.B., Abreu, S.L., Colle, S., Brazilian atlas for solar energy resource: SWERA results (2007) Proceedings of ISES Solar World Congress 2007: Solar Energy and Human SettlementMartins, F.R., Ruther, R., Pereira, E.B., Abreu, S.L., Solar energy scenarios in Brazil. Part two: photovoltaics applications (2008) Energy Policy, 36, pp. 2865-2877Mints, P., (2009) Photovoltaic Manufacturer Shipments, Capacity, & Competitive Analysis 2008/2009. Report # NPS-Supply4, , Navigant Consulting Photovoltaic Service Program, Palo Alto, CAFinal report for the energy efficient and affordable small commercial and residential buildings research program (2007) Project 6.6 - Development of the Assessment Framework, , PNNLSantos, I.P., Urbanetz Junior, J., Rüther, R., Energia solar fotovoltaica como fonte complementar de energia elétrica para residências. Na busca da sustentabilidade (2008) XII Encontro Nacional de Tecnologia do Ambiente Construído. 2008 - Fortaleza, Brasil(2012) Stockholm Environment Institute. Driving Technological Innovation for a Low-Carbon Society. Case Studies for Solar Photovoltaics and Carbon Capture and Storage, , Research Report, SEISolar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment. A United Nations environment programme facilitated effort, , http://en.openei.org/apps/SWERA/, SWERA Project, [Accessed February 2012]