Now showing items 1-10 of 36
Stimulus specificity in the habituation of the startle response in the rat
(Elsevier Inc., 2007)
The 5-HT5A receptor regulates excitability in the auditory startle circuit: functional implications for sensorimotor gating
(Society for Neuroscience, 2013-06)
Here we applied behavioral testing, pharmacology, and in vivo electrophysiology to determine the function of the serotonin 5-HT5A receptor in goldfish startle plasticity and sensorimotor gating. In an initial series of ...
Acupuncture affects autonomic and endocrine but not behavioural responses induced by startle in horses
(Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2015-08)
Startle is a fast response elicited by sudden acoustic, tactile, or visual stimuli in a variety of animals and in humans. As the magnitude of startle response can be modulated by external and internal variables, it can be ...
Direct and indirect connections between cochlear root neurons and facial motor neurons: Pathways underlying the acoustic pinna reflex in the albino rat
Cochlear root neurons (CRNs) are involved in the acoustic startle reflex, which is widely used in behavioral models of sensorimotor integration. A short-latency component of this reflex, the auricular reflex, promotes pinna ...
The noradrenergic projection from the locus coeruleus to the cochlear root neurons in rats
The cochlear root neurons (CRNs) are key components of the primary acoustic startle circuit; mediating auditory alert and escape behaviors in rats. They receive a great variety of inputs which serve to elicit and modulate ...
Estudo do efeito de lesões seletivas no grupamento noradrenérgico A5 no reflexo auditivo de sobressalto e na inibição por estímulo prévio
(Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), 2014-12-19)
The cochlear root neurons are the first neurons of the central nervous system to receive auditory information from the cochlea and connect with sensorimotor integration centers of the brainstem, in particular the reticular ...
Origin and function of short-latency inputs to the neural substrates underlying the acoustic startle reflex
(Frontiers Research Foundation, 2014-07-25)
The acoustic startle reflex (ASR) is a survival mechanism of alarm, which rapidly alerts the organism to a sudden loud auditory stimulus. In rats, the primary ASR circuit encompasses three serially connected structures: ...