Now showing items 1-10 of 896
Respiratory heat loss in the sheep: a comprehensive model
A model is presented for the respiratory heat loss in sheep, considering both the sensible heat lost by convection (C-R) and the latent heat eliminated by evaporation (E-R). A practical method is described for the estimation ...
Potencia de los músculos inspiratorios en insuficiencia cardíaca crónica y en enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica
(Sociedad Médica de Santiago, 2001)
Coupling between respiratory and sympathetic activities as a novel mechanism underpinning neurogenic hypertension
Enhanced sympathetic outflow to the heart and resistance vessels greatly contributes to the onset and maintenance of neurogenic hypertension. There is a consensus that the development of hypertension (clinical and experimental) ...
Ventilator-induced lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome: a basic science review
Acute respiratory distress syndrome is the most severe manifestation of acute lung injury and it is associated with high mortality rate. Despite better understanding of ARDS pathophysiology, its mechanism is still unclear. ...
Modulation of respiratory TLR3-anti-viral response by probiotic microorganisms: lessons learned from Lactobacillus rhamnosus CRL1505
(Frontiers Res Found, 2014-05-12)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of lower respiratory tract illness in infants and young children. Host immune response is implicated in both protective and immunopathological mechanisms during RSV ...
Effect of peritoneal dialysis vs. haemodialysis on respiratory mechanics in acute kidney injury patients
Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) are options for the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) patients. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of PD and daily HD on respiratory mechanics ...
Developmental changes in cold tolerance and ability to autoresuscitate from hypothermic respiratory arrest are not linked in rats and hamsters
(Elsevier B.V., 2012-05-31)
In adult mammals, severe hypothermia leads to respiratory and cardiac arrest, followed by death. Neonatal rats and hamsters can survive much lower body temperatures and, upon artificial rewarming, spontaneously recover ...
Comparison between noninvasive mechanical ventilation and standard oxygen therapy in children up to 3 years old with respiratory failure after extubation: a pilot prospective randomized clinical study
(Lippincott Williams &wilkins, 2015-02-01)
Objectives: The effectiveness of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation in preventing reintubation due to respiratory failure in children remains uncertain. A pilot study was designed to evaluate the frequency of ...
Preoperative respiratory muscle dysfunction is a predictor of prolonged invasive mechanical ventilation in cardiorespiratory complications after heart valve surgery
(ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2011)
Objective: To verify whether preoperative respiratory muscle strength and ventilometric parameters, among other clinically relevant factors, are associated with the need for prolonged invasive mechanical ventilation (PIMV) ...
Noninvasive Ventilation in a Pregnant Patient With Respiratory Failure From All-Trans-Retinoic-Acid (ATRA) Syndrome
(Daedalus Enterprises IncIrvingEUA, 2009)