Diseño y validación del instrumento para la caracterización de espacios recreo-deportivos para niños entre 3 y 5 años
Martín Moreno, Nelly Beatriz
Introduction: The built environment is a crucial factor for the physical activity in children. The objective was to validate from the perspective of appearance (meaning, content, scale and understanding) and audit reliability instrument of recreational-sports spaces for children between 3 to 5 years old IDERPI. Method. IDERPI validation study, designed by the principal investigator from normative reference for pre-school education, which audits the recreational-sports scenarios. It included a literature review, formulating the security domains, infrastructure and staffing. The instrument evaluated by 10 physical educators on pertinence, writing, concordance and comprehension, scales and the concept of an architect and a civil engineer. A pilot test was carried out in 12 public schools that serve children between the ages of 3-5. The information was processed in SPSS. Factor analysis was performed and internal consistency was established with Cronbach's alpha. Results: The instrument consists of 40 items. For the validity of appearance is contrasted with the coefficient of agreement W of Kendall, obtaining an agreement between experts important in the domains of pertinence, writing and comprehension of more than 60%. Regarding the content, the total variance in security was 69.185%, in infrastructure of 87.471% and for 75.761%. Cronbach's alpha was 0.877, which indicates the validity of the IDERPI instrument. The factor analysis indicated the relevance of the content against the intensity of the instrument. Conclusion IDERPI obtained an adequate validity of appearance and reliability. This instrument can be used to evaluate the fulfillment of requirements for these environments and be used to establish patterns of comparison of results between scenarios.