Artículos de revistas
Claudin gene expression patterns do not associate with interspecific differences in paracellular nutrient absorption
Price, Edwin R.; Rott, Katherine H.; Caviedes Vidal, Enrique Juan Raul; Karasov, William H.; Claudin gene expression patterns do not associate with interspecific differences in paracellular nutrient absorption; Elsevier Science Inc; Comparative Biochemistry And Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology.; 191; 1-2016; 36-45
Price, Edwin R.
Rott, Katherine H.
Caviedes Vidal, Enrique Juan Raul
Karasov, William H.
Bats exhibit higher paracellular absorption of glucose-sized molecules than non-flying mammals, a phenomenon that may be driven by higher permeability of the intestinal tight junctions. The various claudins, occludin, and other proteins making up the tight junctions are thought to determine their permeability properties. Here we show that absorption of the paracellular probe l-arabinose is higher in a bat (Eptesicus fuscus) than in a vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus) or a hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris). Furthermore, histological measurements demonstrated that hedgehogs have many more enterocytes in their intestines, suggesting that bats cannot have higher absorption of arabinose simply by having more tight junctions. We therefore investigated the mRNA levels of several claudins and occludin, because these proteins may affect permeability of tight junctions to macronutrients. To assess the expression levels of claudins per tight junction, we normalized the mRNA levels of the claudins to the constitutively expressed tight junction protein ZO-1, and combined these with measurements previously made in a bat and a rodent to determine if there were among-species differences. Although expression ratios of several genes varied among species, there was not a consistent difference between bats and non-flyers in the expression ratio of any particular gene. Protein expression patterns may differ from mRNA expression patterns, and might better explain differences among species in arabinose absorption.