Now showing items 1-10 of 354
Preval??ncia da tuberculose resistente na Bahia
(Instituto de Sa??de ColetivaPrograma de P??s-Gradua????o em Sa??de ColetivaISC-UFBAbrasil, 2014-10-13)
Time to initiation of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment and its relation with outcome in a high incidence district in Lima, Peru
OBJECTIVE: To determine the time from diagnosis to start of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) treatment in Lima, Peru. METHODS: We studied new smear-positive TB adults that were started on MDR TB treatment or that ...
Transmission of Multidrug-Resistant and Drug-Susceptible Tuberculosis within Households: A Prospective Cohort Study
(Public Library of Science, 2015)
BACKGROUND: The "fitness" of an infectious pathogen is defined as the ability of the pathogen to survive, reproduce, be transmitted, and cause disease. The fitness of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) relative to ...
Cost-effectiveness of active case-finding of household contacts of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in a low HIV, tuberculosis-endemic urban area of Lima, Peru
(Cambridge University Press, 2017)
We compared the cost-effectiveness (CE) of an active case-finding (ACF) programme for household contacts of tuberculosis (TB) cases enrolled in first-line treatment to routine passive case-finding (PCF) within an established ...
Tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis in prison inmates
(REVISTA DE SAUDE PUBLICASAO PAULO, 2013-08-02)
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalences of tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis ill inmates. METHODS: Observational study was carried out with inmates of a prison and a jail in the State of Sao Paulo, Southeastern Brazil, ...
Rationing tests for drug-resistant tuberculosis - who are we prepared to miss?
BACKGROUND: Early identification of patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) increases the likelihood of treatment success and interrupts transmission. Resource-constrained settings use risk profiling to ration ...
Epidemiology of urogenital tuberculosis worldwide
Objectives: To characterize the epidemiology of urogenital tuberculosis worldwide and to compare the features of patients from developing countries to those from developed countries. Methods: A comprehensive search of ...
Genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from alow-endemic setting in northwestern state of Paraná in Southern Brazil
(Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde, 2010-09-01)
The purpose of this study was to provide information about the genetic diversity and prevalent genotype of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a low-endemic setting in northwestern state of Paraná in Southern Brazil. We employed ...