Now showing items 1-10 of 941
Contribution of Time of Drinking Onset and Family History of Alcohol Problems in Alcohol and Drug Use Behaviors in Argentinean College Students
(Oxford University Press, 2014-03)
Aims: The aim of the study was to analyze independent and potential interactive effects of age at drinking onset and family history of alcohol abuse on subsequent patterns of alcohol drinking, alcohol-related problems and ...
The Fast Alcohol Screening Test (FAST) is as Good as the AUDIT to Screen Alcohol Use Disorders
(INFORMA HEALTHCARE, 2010)
This study was aimed at assessing the psychometric qualities of the fast alcohol screening test (FAST), and at comparing these qualities to those of the alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT) in three samples ...
Patrones de consumo y genotipos determinantes de la tolerancia al alcohol: estudio en estudiantes universitarios de Santiago de Chile
(Sociedad Médica de Santiago, 2015)
Background: Alleles involved in inefficient (ADH1B2*2 and ALDH2*2) or efficient (SNP6, ADH4 gene) alcohol metabolism may influence the risk of alcoholism. Alcoholism susceptibility has been classified as protector ...
Cytologic analysis of alterations induced by smoking and by alcohol consumption
Objective: To analyze cytologically the buccal mucosa of smoking and nonsmoking volunteers to determine what cellular changes are induced by cigarettes and alcohol consumption. Study Design: In order to evaluate cellular ...
Prevalence of Alcohol-Related Problems in an Elderly Population and Their Association With Cognitive Impairment and Dementia
(WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC, 2010)
Background: Studies investigating the association between alcohol use and cognitive disorders in the elderly population have produced divergent results. Moreover, the role of alcohol in cognitive dysfunction is not clear. ...
CHRONIC ALCOHOLISM ON THE SEMINAL VESICLE AND TESTIS WEIGHT OF ADULT RATS (Rattus norvegicus)
(Sociedad Chilena de Anatomía, 1997)
Saccharin consumption and the effect of a long-term exposure to a sweetened alcoholic solution in high- (UChB)and low- (UChA) alcohol-drinking rats
(PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2005-08)
An association between saccharin consumption and alcohol intake has been observed in rodent lines genetically developed for alcohol preference or alcohol avoidance. It has also been proposed that a sweetened alcohol ...
Chronic nicotine activates stress/reward-related brain regions and facilitates the transition to compulsive alcohol drinking
(Soc Neuroscience, 2015-04-15)
Alcohol and nicotine are the two most co-abused drugs in the world. Previous studies have shown that nicotine can increase alcohol drinking in nondependent rats, yet it is unknown whether nicotine facilitates the transition ...
Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT): an updated systematic review of psychometric properties
(Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio de JaneiroUniversidade de BrasíliaUniversidade de São Paulo, 2009)
The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is an instrument used to screen for alcohol-related problems. It has been increasingly used in many different countries in both the original English-language version ...